Neuropathy is a basic term representing disruptions in the typical performance of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are different and so is the treatment. Numerous a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly focused on preventing further development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or may not entirely reverse the neuropathy and relieve the signs and in lots of cases there is some irreversible damage to nerves and consistent signs in spite of therapy. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has likewise been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the action varies and might take lots of months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve included. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment differs from medical methods like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), local injection of steroids in wrist, and avoiding aggravating aspects like typing in incorrect positions, usage of hand tools and so on. If symptoms not reduced by this approach, then surgical treatment is likewise a choice and is usually curative if no permanent damage to nerve has currently taken place. Once again, each neuropathy is special and treatment varies.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid neuropathy causes hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally encouraging. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but most are irreparable. Rigorous control of blood sugar levels to slow the additional progression is of vital value. Other treatment is based upon the symptoms, like pain is handled with NSAID and lots of other drugs. Likewise the neuropathy related to Rheumatoid Arthritis typically reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy. There might be some specific treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can generally be avoided by giving pyridoxine along with it.
Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.